This website is dedicated to academic discussions about the people of Bangsamoro. It was conceptualized by students of section TFX4 of Kasaysayan 1 class, 2nd Semester, Academic Year 2005-2006, University of the Philippines Diliman. This site is in partial fulfillment of the requirements of Dr. Jaime Veneracion of the Department of History of the College of Social Sciences and Philosophy.

Thursday, March 23, 2006

The Iranun

The Iranun are primarily found in Maguindanao in Mindanao and along the shores of Illana Bay and coastal areas near Cotabato City. Smaller groups can be found as well in Lanao del Norte and Zamboanga del Sur. Ilanun, an ethnic group in Malaysia, is also believed to have originated from Maguindanao and are originally Iranun. Studies showed those in Malaysia are 85% Iranun-like. Iranuns might have scattered to Malaysia in 1850.

Census showed that there were 12, 542 Iranun in the Philippines. Iranuns are believed to have the same origins with the Maranaos and Maguindanaos. Since Iranun are usually mistaken as Maranaos in the northern regions in Mindanao, and as Maguindanaos in the southern, no accurate number of their population as of today is documented.

Iranun’s language is called the Iranun or Ilanun.

The fact that majority of their population resides along coastal area, Iranuns usually fish to earn a living. Others are more likely to grow crops and participate in trades since Muslims observe active trading in the island.

Small communities of Iranun observe a set of traditional and customary laws. They are governed by someone who they called the headman who acts as mediator in times of fights among his constituents, and as a facilitator during discussions and meetings within the community.

All of the Iranuns are Muslims. Since the time Christianity was introduced, resistance to accept it was already evident among the Iranuns even up to today. Christianity in Iranuns is marked with distrust that is why, even until today, no Iranun is known to be Christians. Being Muslims on the other hand, it is observed that Iranuns observe a more relaxed way of observing the five pillars of Islam. In addition to the original practices, Iranuns observe animistic religion wherein they believe that supernatural beings do not just inhabit ordinary objects but also animated ones.


Anonymous Anonymous said...

I strongly suggest to investigate further and deeply, why not come to the area, and ask the iranun and why not try to read the Tarsila, written by the early days, the people who knows better the Iranun were still living and live, why not research, and just relying to the books written by a person who have no access to the truth.

Please come to Mindanao, in Subpangan area (Sultan Kudarat) in Parang, Maguindanao. or you may any knowledgable iranun in the area.

1:04 PM  

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